FeaturedInternationalVOLUME 17 ISSUE # 4

India’s sponsorship of terrorism

Pakistan has provided substantial evidence to the world that India has been facilitating and sponsoring Islamic State to perpetuate terrorism on its soil. To its credit, Pakistan has not only named the Indian army and intelligence officials, who are running camps to train terrorists, but also pinpointed their locations. It is obvious that India’s designs will not only endanger peace in the region but also the whole world and the international community would have to act fast and stop India from its brutal tactics.

It is not surprising that India is training terrorists of Islamic State (IS) to use them against Pakistan. It has been the policy of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) government of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to rely on violence in pursuit of its interests. The Indian government is using state-sponsored oppression against the Kashmiri people and minorities to suppress their fundamental rights. Muslims are its special target. However, the international community and rights organisations have failed to take effective measures to stop India from its brutalities.

Pakistan has unveiled a new dossier which contains details of India’s gross violations of human rights in occupied Kashmir and its involvement in terrorism on Pakistani soil. The comprehensive findings also contain the names of Indian generals, brigadiers and colonels, who are perpetrating and sponsoring terrorism. The dossier also pinpoints five IS training camps operating in India, three in Rajasthan and one each in Gulmarg and Uttarakhand.

The document also contains details of 239 torture cells across the occupied region, the majority of which have been established in northern Kashmir with 65 camps in Baramula and 53 in Srinagar. Of these, 144 are controlled by the Indian army, 52 by the police, 19 by the Indian Special Operations Group and 24 by other agencies. The dossier provides details of 3,432 cases of war crimes in which 1,128 individuals — including one major general, four inspectors general, seven deputy inspectors general, five brigadiers, 31 colonels and 188 majors and captains — have been found to be involved.

The 131-page dossier mentions 118 units of the Indian army that have indulged in human rights violations and contains irrefutable evidence of fake encounters, false flag operations and planting of weapons for fake recoveries to harm the resistance movement in Indian Illegally Occupied Jammu and Kashmir (IIOJ&K). Highlighting the suspected use of chemical weapons by India against the Kashmiris, it points out that the bodies of 37 Kashmiris burnt alive by the Indian troops were beyond recognition. The document says the use of chemical weapons is in contravention to the Chemical Weapons Convention and necessitates an impartial international investigation.

It maintains that the Kashmiris are also being used as human shields by positioning women and children in the line of fire during encounters, making them sleep at military camps, forcing them to dig minefields and tying youths to military jeeps. India also used snipers and cluster ammunition to target innocent Kashmiris living along the Line of Control (LoC), in violation of international law. In July 2019, India deliberately targeted 14 villages along the LoC with cluster ammunition that caused four deaths and 14 injuries. The document also refers to the Indian attempts to change the demographic structure of occupied Jammu and Kashmir. It says contrary to the Geneva Convention, after the introduction of the new “Domicile Law” in March 2020, India has already granted over 4.2 million domiciles (31.5 percent of the 13 million population of occupied Kashmir).

India constituted a delimitation commission in March 2020, with the singular purpose to enhance Hindu representation in held Kashmir to help install a Hindu chief minister. After the amendments to property laws, all Indians are now entitled to purchase land in the disputed territory with the sole objective of converting the proportionally large Muslim population into a minority. Six draconian laws, Jammu and Kashmir Public Safety Act, Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (Prevention) Act, Armed Forces (Jammu and Kashmir) Special Powers Act, Jammu and Kashmir Disturbed Areas Act, Prevention of Terrorism Act and Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act 2019, empower Indian troops to declare anyone a terrorist and arbitrarily detain them without any charge for a period of up to 7 years.

The dossier observes that the Indian forces are subjecting the Kashmiris to the worst kinds of torture. Over 432 case studies revealed that the Indian forces inflicted torture as a tool of intimidation and coercion. In 2014, more than 30,000 people faced 31 forms of torture, including water-boarding; starvation, sleep deprivation and burning of bodies. Pakistan has urged the United Nations to compel India to allow access to special procedure mandate holders of the UN Human Rights Council for an independent investigation into human rights violations in occupied Kashmir.

The dossier is credible as out of the total 113 references cited in it, 26 are international media assessments, 41 from Indian media and think-tanks, 32 from renowned international human rights organisations, and just 14 references from Pakistan. The CDs attached to the dossier contain audio intercepts of the Indian army and police officers, exposing their involvement in torture and other crimes. Audio and video recordings also confirm extra-judicial killings and the presence of mass graves in occupied Kashmir.

Pakistan had released a similar dossier last year which proved India’s involvement in terror incidents on its soil. It is unfortunate that the international community has not taken any step to stop India form sponsoring terrorism in Pakistan and perpetrating state violence on its minorities. India is trying to destabilise the region which will have serious repercussions for the whole world.